প্ৰাক-ঔপনিবেশিক অসমীয়া সাহিত্যত ‘বিশ্বসাহিত্য’ৰ ধাৰণা আৰু বিস্তৃতি
This article attempts to explore and analyse the idea and prevalence of ‘world literature’ in the history of Assamese literature, particularly during the precolonial period. Referring to the aspects of reading and circulation associated with the definition of ‘world literature’ as propounded by David Damrosch, this article also discusses Sheldon Pollock’s twin ideas of ‘cosmopolitan’ and ‘vernacular’ in literary culture in order to explain the dynamics of oral, textual and performative dissemination in the Indian context from a comparative perspective. As a point of departure, the article stresses upon the application of Slovak scholar Dionyz Durisin’s ‘interliterary theory’ or ‘theory of interliterary process’ towards exploring the interrelationships and histories of interaction between different literary cultures across the world. The Assamese situation is studied with respect to poets, including Madhav Kandali and Sankardeva, who worked under the inspiration of a cosmopolitan culture and endeavoured to localise the transregional elements of such a culture within their respective societies. Such responses, the article argues, not only resulted in the consolidation of a dynamic vernacular literary culture in Assamese but at the same time also characterised an active response of the recipient culture vis-a-vis the Sanskrit cosmopolitan order. In addition to that, the article also draws attention towards a few crucial factors that have determined the ‘movement’ and popularity of texts outside and beyond their cultures of origin. The active role of translation is also briefly discussed in this connection. The article calls for a renewed emphasis on studying the cultures of interaction between disparate language-literatures which will then enable a more nuanced and non-centric study of ‘world literature’ in the twenty-first century.
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